It has taken millions of years in the history of human evolution, that man might pass from a situation of support in all four limbs (arms and legs) to upright position. human evolution Over the millions of years the backbone especially, it has been physically evolving to adopt a vertical position, very different from what it was originally.
In all likelihood this standing position has allowed the human being, through the release of hand, enhance skills for handling objects and creating tools, aspects which in turn require development and improvement of brain functions.
This new situation behaved walking upright many evolutionary advantages but also some disadvantages. Maintaining an upright posture, forcing the vertebrae and intervertebral discs have to withstand considerable pressure by the weight of head, arms, chest and organs, due to the force of gravity.
Furthermore, if these pressures are not properly balanced and aligned in the column can cause injuries like protrusions, herniated discs, pinched deformities of the lumbar curve, thoracic or cervical and overloads muscle contractures and postural imbalances.
Also sudden movements that are sometimes done inadvertently, overloads on the back and poor posture, they result in discomfort and pains suffered by most of the human population on his back. To a lesser extent, back pain may be due to diseases in the back bones and reflection mode to diseases originating in other parts of the body.
Back pain, either lumbar, dorsal and cervical type, it is one of the most common causes of visits to the doctor and temporary disability in modern societies. It is estimated that at least 80% of the population attend a specialist once afflicted her back.
Therefore Column and muscle structure needs a “maintenance” adequate to compensate for the problems caused by gravity, bad postural habits and physical inactivity caused by this society. And it is here that the yoga asanas or postures can help significantly to prevent and alleviate these muscle, disc or joint problems.
If we stick only to the physical aspect of yoga asanas performing exercises without irritating the heart making it more resistant to fatigue.
The expansion and opening the chest and both lungs together with improved blood circulation allows transported oxygen more efficiently, benefiting all the body’s organs and improving brain activity. alineacion_yogaAlso the bones due to the correct alignment in Iyengar yoga postures and bone benefits obtained by the balanced pressure, allow to remain in optimum condition.
Not forgetting improvements in tone, strength and flexibility in all the muscles that hold the skeletal structure of the body with greater firmness and balance. Joints also benefit by an improvement in the alignment of the ligaments and better lubrication by the contribution of higher synovial fluid and more nutrients for Asana, reducing wear of the cartilage and therefore the joints.
There are many more benefits of Iyengar Yoga practice than purely physical, which are only side benefits of yoga practice, but these other benefits will be exposed in other articles.
In coming weeks the different types of pain, their causes and how to avoid using the Iyengar yoga deeper into the pain.