The origins of Yoga date back to 3000 BC and coincides with the splendor of ancient Greece and the Olympic Games. The oldest archaeological evidence found are stone seals with figures in yogic positions belonging to the civilizations of the valleys of the Indus and Saraswati.
Hindu scriptures are among the oldest in the world and they make reference to Yoga. But Hindus say that yoga is eternal ( added, ‘without beginning’) and always existed.
The first written evidence is found in the Vedic scriptures (sacred texts of Hinduism) of the four Vedas, especially the Rig-Veda and the Atharva-veda, which date back to 2500 BC.
Around 500 BC, two great epics, the Ramayana of Valmiki and Vyasa’s Mahabharata, recounting the incarnations of God arise. Among the narrative moral and philosophical topics. An important part of the Mahabharata is the Bhagavad Gita, which consists of eighteen chapters, in which different aspects of Yoga are discussed.
Towards 500-200 BC Patanjali, he collected all existing knowledge about Yoga in the Yoga Sutras, basic text unanimously recognized by all yogic schools.